According to the Commission for the Protection of the Black Sea, by 2020 environmental efforts to reduce discharges from 49 high-priority sources of pollution – such as under-treated wastewater and air emissions – have begun to bear fruit.

The nitrogen content of pollution sources in the Black Sea has been reduced in recent years, although they remain higher than in the 1960s. In contrast, current phosphate intakes appear to have remained relatively consistent. This is evidenced by less and less intense algal blooms, an increase in comparable fish catches and the return of distinct life forms to the waters of the Black Sea.

Continuous improvement of Black Sea waters can be attributed to a variety of factors:
• Continuous changes in the economies of the countries bordering the lower Danube;
• Direct actions taken to improve infrastructure and reduce nutrient discharges into the Danube;
• A successful ban on polyphosphate detergents in riparian countries;

The Commission for the Protection of the Black Sea, based in Bucharest, has been collaborating since 1997 with the International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River – ICPDR International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River, based in Vienna, to remedy the degradation of the Black Sea environment. For the protection of water and ecosystems both along the Danube and in the Black Sea, the “Joint Technical Working Group” DABLAS (Danube Black Sea Task Force) was set up as a platform for cooperation between international financial institutions, donors and beneficiaries.

Cooperation was fully strengthened by a memorandum of understanding signed in November 2001 at a ministerial meeting in Brussels. The working group included representatives from countries in the region, ICPDR – International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River, Commission for the Protection of the Black Sea, international financial institutions, the European Community, EU Member States and other bilateral donors, as well as other regional and international organizations.

International Black Sea Action Day

Every year, on October 31, the International Day of Action of the Black Sea 2021 celebrates the signing of the Strategic Plan of Action for the Black Sea.
The day is dedicated to Black Sea environmental awareness activities, including environmental education actions, focusing on the key objectives of the Strategic Action Plan:
• The promise of a better future for the 16 million people in six countries living on its shores.
• Commitments of regional governments to take serious action to make a real difference in the rehabilitation and recovery of the sea.
• The dedicated work of many people who dedicate their time and energy to helping protect the environment

Author: Muntoiu Alexandru  – ECOM Team Romania

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